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Saqib Ali




Andrew Burton

I got to the tennis center here in Mason on Monday evening in time to watch a couple of the evening  ATP matches, Wawrinka-Schwartzman and Djokovic-Johnson. Andy Murray had gone out earlier in the day to Lucas Pouille, and I framed the story that I wrote that evening about the three former top players making their way back (Stan, Andy and Novak), each in the unusual circumstance of being asked to play six matches to win the tournament instead of five.

One of them, Novak Djokovic, has made his way through five matches, and if he wins the sixth he’ll become the only player to achieve career wins at all 9 M-1000 tournaments. So history is on the line – something Djokovic has woken up to many times in his career, though possibly he and his supporters are rubbing their eyes that it’s happening again in August of 2018, given the state of Novak’s game in April of 2018.


Image – Aditya Prabhakar(Tennis with an Accent)

To me, though, Novak’s path through the draw in Cincinnati, and his path through the first eight months of 2018, have been a reaffirmation of the single most important precept his game, almost literally, embodies – “bend, but don’t break.”

When you say the word bend, you immediately invoke flexibility – the physical attribute that Djokovic has demonstrated becomes a kind of superpower at this level. It’s most obvious in the defensive shot that Djokovic (along with Gael Monfils) helped to introduce to the ATP, the low wide groundstroke off either wing doing a near-split under control, transposing the slide previously seen only on clay courts to hard surfaces. But you also see it in attacking play, when Djokovic finds a way to skim a pass at a near impossible angle past an opponent who has seemingly brought off a winning drop shot, only to look back over the net with an “I can’t believe you can do that” look.

But it’s also apparent in the tactical choices Djokovic makes, his willingness to adapt game plans, and the different variations of forehand or backhand rally balls he’ll use to work through a point. A signature Djokovic point earned him the first break of set three – Cilic hit a good first serve down the T, and Djokovic blocked the ball back deep with the forehand. Cilic was able to hit an inside-out forehand on his second shot, but he couldn’t get a lot of pace and width on the shot, and Djokovic’s deep backhand reset the point to neutral. His next shots are a heavy forehand to ad, a deep slice to ad, a topspin backhand to ad, a deep slice to ad, another slice to ad, then a flat forehand drive down the middle, inducing a Cilic forehand in the net.

At no time after the first shot was Cilic in control of the point, and that has to prey on an opponent’s confidence. Cilic told the press yesterday, “I was serving really well, probably best serving performance in the week in that third set. And still, he made a few unbelievable deep returns, couple points he played unbelievably well from defense.”

Tennis analyst Craig O’Shannessy pointed something out a couple of years ago after a Djokovic-Tsonga match that has stuck with me: Djokovic’s winning percentage on Tsonga’s second serve was as high as his winning percentage on his own service points, and Djokovic was effectively holding three serves to Tsonga’s one. When I’ve watched Novak play in Cincinnati this week, the return has been one of the two shots I have focused most on. Many players are impressively quick in reacting to well-placed serves, but Djokovic’s drive backhand return against the typical high-kicking wide second serve is nonpareil. He is not the most aggressive returner in the men’s game – Dustin Brown is, and fascinatingly Ivo Karlovic and John Isner are right up there – but his ability to neutralize a point in two shots, then play the rest of the point on his own terms, keeps him at the top of the ATP return stats.

I said that the return was one of two shots that I focused on. The other was the serve. Over the years it has been the shot Djokovic has visibly tinkered with the most, and it has already been through several iterations this year as Djokovic has worked around, then through, the chronic right elbow problem that bedeviled him and came to a head midway through 2017. During his recent dominant period between 2014 and 2016, his first serve had speed and work: In Cincinnati I noticed that Djokovic was hitting flat first serves consistently in the 114-118 mph range, without a lot of deviation in the trajectory. After yesterday’s match I asked him whether this was what he wanted from this shot, or whether he wanted more from it:

Q.I’d like to ask a technical question about your service motion.  You have had different service motions during the past.


Q.Partly because of stress, perhaps.  It looks now similar to the motion that you have had –


Q.– at times when you have had great success, but the speed seems a little bit slower, high 110s or so.  You’re getting a lot of free points with placement, but is it where you expect it to be or is it still a work in progress?

NOVAK DJOKOVIC: Still a work in progress.  There are days where I’m able to serve, you know, consistently well throughout the match.  There are days when it goes up and down. But if I analyze the matches that I had this week so far, I mean, you know, I had lots of ups and downs with serves, second serves.  It was, you know, quite slow and double faults in some important moments.

So I am still trying to find the proper rhythm, you know, and surgery was not a while ago.  I did not know how impactful that surgery and the whole of the last two years’ period of compromising my service motion will actually affect the actual serve.  But it did affect, pretty much.

So I had to find ways and alternations to, you know, to the actual motion.  I had worked with Agassi and Stepanek at the beginning of the year on that, and then Marian joined the team.  Of course we are working on it. I know that the speed-wise is not up there where it was and where it should be, but I’m slowly building it.

You can’t have it all right away, but it is the most important shot in the game, without a doubt.  So I know I can’t serve like Raonic, you know, speed-wise, but I have been always a player that used the accuracy and precision more than speed.  But I know that I have couple miles more on my serve, definitely. But I think it’s just a matter of the service motion and technique and ball toss and so forth.  It’s a matter of rhythm. But I believe that it will come together.  Actually in Wimbledon it was really good. The serve was very accurate.  It was giving me a lot of free points, you know, because grass is obviously the quickest surface in sports.  It’s quite different than other surfaces. I’m working on it, and things will come together, I’m sure.

Novak’s serve, in his own mind, is a work in progress, just as his return to the top level of tennis is. He has beaten his last four opponents here in three sets, and in two of them he has been behind in a potentially decisive set. Bend, but don’t break.

Today he plays a familiar opponent, although it’s more than two and a half years since the two last met. Federer gave his own assessment of Djokovic’s 2018 in an abbreviated press conference after his abbreviated win over Goffin last night:

Q.Novak has been hitting some really good down-the-line backhands again.  I think that was something he was missing during his slump. I wonder if you watch him play closely enough to see if he’s doing something different or if you leave that up to your team?

ROGER FEDERER: Yeah, I mean, I didn’t pay that much attention to exactly know he’s not been hitting his backhand very well.  When they asked me in Indian Wells and Miami to judge Novak, I was, like, It’s not real Novak, then.

He was just coming back, and he came back too soon. Same at the Australian Open.  That one wasn’t quite the 100% Novak we know he can be.

So I don’t look at that kind of match like what could he be struggling with, because if you give him time, he’ll fix that.  Same with Stan. If he’s got time, they will fix that. They will be very different players three months down the road. And look what happened after the French. Everything turned.  He could have won Queen’s, should have won Queen’s, maybe. Ends up winning Wimbledon and he’s back in another finals. It looks like he hasn’t missed any tennis at all over the last few years.

No, but I think it gives him a lot of confidence, as well, winning all those three-setters now, because in Indian Wells and Miami, what I saw there was a tired Novak, which was very rare to see that, you know.  But that’s why it wasn’t real. He hadn’t had enough practice yet. Still coming fresh off his injury.

So, yeah, I think he’s playing much better tennis now, much more solid off the baseline.  I mean, I still think he’s got room to improve. Will be interesting to see how he finishes the year.


Image – Aditya Prabhakar(Tennis with an Accent)

Your mileage may vary, but I think that’s a respectful, objective and sympathetic assessment.

Neither of the two finalists have looked at their best in Cincinnati. Federer had an awful first set from the baseline against David Goffin, possibly in reaction to a two-match Friday. Federer was the better player and winner of the tiebreak that ensued, after which Goffin got a shoulder rub. Two and a half games later, Goffin pulled the ripcord, allowing a grateful No. 2 seed a pass to the final he might not have earned against an opponent at 100 percent.

It will be the 52nd meeting between Djokovic and Federer, not counting the walkover Federer conceded in the 2014 London WTF Finals. To me, it’s a near coin flip: Federer has beaten Djokovic here in the finals three times (Djokovic has also lost to Murray in the finals twice). But Djokovic is 7-3 over Federer in their last 10 meetings. He has also shown this week that consistency — and the ability to bend but not break — gets you the bigger smile at the handshake more often than not. Either man could win today, but I’m leaning towards Title IX for Novak.


ATP Tour

Observations In The Arena — Second Serve

Skip Schwarzman



Skip Schwarzman

You saw the photo of the escalator outside the O2 Arena – that’s the cover photo for this story. More on that here: 

Consider the value of being No. 1. How much must Lacoste have paid to get every advertisement on the escalator leading up to the O2 from the Tube? It’s Nole Nole Nole as you ride up… 


This is what it was like for me on Day Two — my second day, not the players’ second day — at the O2. 

First off: Wednesday we were in seats that were literally the highest in the O2, farther away from the court than any others. Behind us lay nothing. On Thursday we were in row D, five rows up from the court, almost directly behind one of the player benches. Wednesday’s view was macro in the extreme, not terrible but certainly not visceral. Thursday’s seats let us understand the speed and spin of the shotmaking, while giving up some understanding of all the angles.  

I’ll take Thursday’s perches, thank you very much. 

While we’re talking about our seats, and in light of the ATP’s new logo meant to appeal to a younger demographic (really?), how about changing one aspect of tennis’s traditional rules? I’m no burn-down-the-house radical, far from it, but it’s just silly that folks in the nosebleed seats, as we were Wednesday night, can’t come and go during play. Nearer to the court? Yeah, I get it and agree with it: no moving about and reasonable silence. But when you’re so high up that clouds are floating between you and the rows below, I think it’s safe for ticket buyers to take their seats during points, move about, and even leave to get a beer. 

The fact is that if they had used binoculars the players couldn’t have seen us last night. Hey ATP, want to attract the casual sports fan? Let him or her move around some in the remote seats. It ain’t no big thing. Really. 

The O2 Arena for the ATP Finals — Wednesday seats circled in red, compared to Thursday seats from court level. Photo by Skip Schwarzman


Now, to the day’s play on Thursday.

Tennis-specific observations are in regular print. Non-tennis observations are in italics.

On with the show:

First, the doubles: 

Both members of the two teams were dressed more or less like their partners, and the color schemes of the two teams were clearly different from each other. This works great for television. Bravo. 

Back to television once again: Make no mistake, even when a player appears to be slightly built on TV, the odds are he is not in real life. Jamie Murray gives the television impression of being rather skinny and lightweight. He’s not. He’s 6-foot-3 and, well, okay, 185 pounds — not a WWF specimen, but not small. None of these guys are small. Kontinen and Peers are more barrel-chested than Murray and Soares, but nobody’s NOT bigger than average, and by a good margin. 

Murray got a code violation for language, but only when the baseline judge walkedup to the chair and reported Murray’s offending speech, which was probably heard by no one but Murray, the lines judge, and three spectators. That got Murray’s goat but didn’t deter him from carrying on. Still, it’s rather silly to take the rules so far. 

(Editor’s Note: Insert Carlos Ramos talking point here, positive or negative. — Matt ) 

The match pitted a reaction-based team versus a power team. None of the four players are slow, and all of them can hit the ball hard, but overall it’s fair to break down the dynamic that way. Murray-Soares basically say, “We dare you to challenge our reflexes.” Kontinen-Peers tried that, hoping to hit through the No. 3 seeds, but fell in the match tiebreak, 10-2. Murray-Soares finished the round-robin part of the tourney unbeaten. 

Now, to the singles: 

Due to IT issues I missed much of the first set. According to my friend Graham, it was a story of Kei Nishikori being AWOL: 23 unforced errors and just not looking sharp. Almost four unforced errors per game is definitely not Kei’s standard operating procedure, so either Thiem was on hyperdrive or Nishikori was out of sorts. Graham assures me it’s the latter. 

As to how the Japanese player is looking, his kit is an improvement over the not-quite-coordinated outfit from when I last saw him. His racquet is something new: I don’t think it’s one of Wilson’s camo frames, but maybe. It’s a golden, slightly shiny brown. Japanese market only? Anyway, it goes well with his clothing. 

We note that Thiem frequently goes counterintuitive and moves back to return second serves, taking a huuuuge cut at the ball. And by “moves back,” I mean he stands 18 feet behind the baseline. Graham wonders if Thiem actually practices doing that. 

Nishikori made various pushes to try to bring the match level, but overall the second set feels like Thiem’s to lose. To finish one rally the Austrian hit a backhand down the line so hard — so so so hard — that all you can do is laugh out loud. It’s amazing to see. 

Having posted only a 43-percent first-serve rate in the first set, Nishikori did begin some brilliant tactical serving: He started mixing up 96-mph first serves with others at 120, and it paid dividends in some unforced (sic) return errors from Thiem.  

On the slower serves it’s as though Kei was starting a 21-out-of-the-hand point – “Okay, I’ll get it in play and then we rally out the point, yeah?” – since Thiem isn’t trying to attack on the slower deliveries or, more to the tactical point, is put off by the variety of serves he’s seeing. Going on the offensive is harder to do in such a situation. 

As a measure of how hard Nishikori tries to right the ship, note that he served and volleyed twice at 2-2 in the second set, when he had to work hard to hold. After the first attempt we scratched our heads – “If you won doing that, why wouldn’t you do it more often?” – and then he did it a second time, winning both with some truly fine volleying.  

I applaud him for it. You have to believe that when a player has reached the top 10 his game is pretty set, and an established reflection of his personality. For Nishikori to add serve and volley to his game, successfully — and even on the occasional point as a tactical variation — is deserving of credit. 

The second set did provide a wide variety of shotmaking; explosive blasts from Thiem, lightning bolts of flat winners from Kei, drop shots, quick exchanges with both of them at the net, and a “Wowza!” backhand smash from Nishikori. There was not enough from Nishikori’s side of the ledger, however. He just seemed out of sorts. Serving at 4-4, 40-30, with Thiem again standing 18 feet behind the baseline for a second serve, Kei double faulted to let Thiem serve for the match, which he did, finishing with a super impressive 30-0 point and then an ace. 

Neither this match nor the previous night’s Isner-Cilic tussle achieved the status of being top-shelf matches, but they both had fine episodes. It occurs that matches achieve great status through sustained momentum on the part of both players, long stretches where neither breaks the narrative of successful hitting with silly or unforced mistakes. Absent that, we spectators can enjoy some fine moments, and we have, but we’re hoping to catch a battle that rewards us with some transcendence.

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ATP Tour

Observations At The O2 — An Up-Close Look At The ATP Finals

Skip Schwarzman



Kirby Lee - USA TODAY Sports

I am in London for the ATP World Tour Finals (I refuse to type the acronym, believing some marketing person should be written up for that socially inappropriate three-letter reference), joining up with friends Graham and Alan who are down from Scotland. All of us taught tennis together a long time ago – Alan and I first met over 40 years ago – and we all still play a reasonable level of club tennis. We like to believe we bring old-school virtues melded to an understanding of modern tennis techniques and trends. Please do not disabuse us of that belief, dear reader.

What follows are impressions and observations from the matches we are seeing at the O2. By the time you read these the score lines will be known, so while the outcomes will be discussed, what matters more are the routes taken to the W, and the L, by the players. The final scores won’t be the point. There’s always more happening on and around a tennis court than simply who managed to hit the last ball inside the lines.


The tennis observations I make below are in regular-format print. The non-tennis observations I make are in italicized print.

Let’s have some fun:

Years ago I attended some exhibition matches at Caesar’s Palace Casino in Atlantic City, N.J., in the United States; Sampras, Roddick, Safin, Lendl, Wilander, a mishmash of eras, styles, and states of professional decorum. To begin, the players were escorted onto the courts by actors dressed as Roman Centurions and Centurionettes (sorry, don’t know another word). There was some smoke, too. That show couldn’t hold a candle to the opening at the O2.

“Over the top” doesn’t begin to do it justice. I think the words “hero” and “legend” were tossed about a few times by the “voice of God” announcer. Think “Get ready to rumble!” mixed with the light show at a Pink Floyd concert and you get the idea.

The ball kids were introduced as a group. Really. They got to stand at attention in two groups, in spotlights, before dutifully running to their appointed stations. Carlos Bernardes, the international umpire, was introduced, and the lines judges got a mass introduction as well. It’s nice, actually, but certainly way different from a traditional match atmosphere.

Isner came out firing on all cylinders. His first couple of serves were 135 and 136, and while he didn’t break Cilic’s first service game, he threatened. They were both pounding the ball.

Pete Bodo, the American tennis journalist, has written that big hitters who are not great movers often find success on slower courts, however counterintuitive that might be. Bodo’s reasoning is that the slower court gives them the time to track down balls and get set up to drop the hammer; Andriy Medvedev’s (1999) and Samantha Stosur’s (2010) French Open final offer relevant examples… as does Isner’s own record at the French.

That makes me wonder if Isner’s strategy on these courts, generally regarded as being quick if not fast, is to strike first and avoid getting into rallies with Cilic. Isner is big, really big, and there’s no way he can scoot coast to coast chasing multiple skidding balls per point. He has to go nuclear, and he did so well enough to take the first set.

I’m taking notes on my smartphone during the match. What does it say about celebrity, technology, and tennis’s place in society when spellcheck corrects for “Federer,” but for “Cilic” routinely gives me the word “Colic”?

Slowly, seemingly inexorably, the momentum shifted towards Cilic. There were more shots per point, and Isner’s serve wobbled a little. Cilic broke when receiving at 3-4 as Isner double faulted on game point. Later in the match, when Isner lost his serve again with a double fault, he threw his racquet down, perhaps in a failed attempt to bounce it back up into his hand, and got a code violation (as he should have). But right after that the O2 showed a replay on the big screens of Isner chucking his stick, highlighting it. Mixed message, no?

Looking around the O2 you see Nitto’s name everywhere. It’s an interesting sponsorship. I know of the company because it is involved in the cycling world, specifically manufacturing parts. However, in what way is Nitto otherwise known to the general public? None that I know of; Jane and John Doe have no way to actively support Nitto, yet they believe there’s value in backing the ATP Finals. Is the Japanese firm laying the groundwork for a bigger presentation at the 2020 Tokyo Olympics?

Cilic took the second set, and both players started the third with rather meek service games. Overall, however, Cilic was more stable and successfully assertive. He clearly began to read Isner’s serve better and better, going so far as to crack one return winner off a 140-mph Isner delivery.

Chicken, or egg? Did Isner’s serving bombardment weaken because he lost some rhythm, or because Cilic made a few good returns and that got into Isner’s head? A little of both? We’ll never know, but it demonstrates why the best players know to press on with as little letup as possible when they’re behind, or struggling; you never know what will tip the scales in your favor.

Conversely, with Cilic serving a break up at 4-3, on the deuce point Isner got a forehand return to hit and chipped it back to the center of the court. Hey, I get it: Make your return. But given that if Cilic took that game he would have had two chances (at 5-3) to close out the match, Isner couldn’t afford to be that passive. He paid the price. The Croatian ripped a mid-court forehand for ad-in, and while Isner held at 3-5, Cilic served it out decisively for the win, 6-7 (2), 6-3 6-4.

— A few words about the doubles, in which Herbert-Mahut defeated Melo-Kubot in straights.

A lot has been written already about the speed of the court, or lack of it, and we can get into that in a later post, but it seems it’s too quick a surface for Melo and Kubot to work their magic. They are the higher-ranked team, after all, so one would have expected at least a closer contest, but it never developed. From our perch (literally at the uppermost seats possible), it appears the French duo sport more all-around games better suited to the fast conditions.

Mahut and Herbert also kept their play focused on Kubot — the weaker player, or perhaps injured slightly? At one stage in the second set, after having been broken to start, he netted a 115-mph first serve and then double faulted, again into the net, with a 105 second-serve attempt. Shoulder problems? Maybe. He served bigger later on, but missed a few high volleys, too. All in all the French were just too solid.

Skip Schwarzman is an ex-USPTA teaching pro who started playing when Rod Laver was king. (In fact, Laver is still king.) Teaching gigs included Philadelphia; Fribourg and Romont, Switzerland; and Oxford, England. I first learned to teach from Mr. Frank X. Brennan, Sr., coach of Billie Jean King, who taught us that if we were good players we would be welcome all over the world. He was right, as usual.

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ATP Tour

Zverev Gets A Reminder Of The Distance He Must Travel

Matt Zemek



Geoff Burke -- USA TODAY Sports

Tennis, as I am fond of saying, is a dialogue. Most sports — golf being a conspicuous exception — involve the push and pull of one side’s reactions to the other. From this tension between two competitors comes the complex and often counterintuitive reality of sports: You can play better on one day and still lose. On the other side of the coin, you can play worse on another day and still win. Your opponent might be the bigger and more important variable.

Such has been the case for Alexander Zverev at the 2018 ATP Finals.

All things considered, Zverev has played two relatively similar matches in London. He defeated a player  who is chronically unable to raise his game at the ATP Finals. He lost to a player who almost always finds solutions at the same tournament.

Zverev defeated Marin Cilic, who — entering Wednesday, before his match against John Isner — had won only one match in London in four ATP Finals appearances. Zverev then lost to Novak Djokovic, who has won five ATP Finals championships and is steamrolling toward his sixth.

The opponent was the main variable.

This does not, however, mean Zverev had no say in the Djokovic match. It also doesn’t mean Sascha has Zvery little to worry about. He has PLENTY of work to do in the coming offseason, regardless of whether he advances to the semifinals this weekend.

I begin nearly every discussion of Zverev these days with the reminder/disclaimer that Sascha’s career is still well AHEAD of schedule. No NextGen player has made more consistent or substantial advances than Zverev. He is a stone-cold rock of reliability at Masters 1000 tournaments. Cilic, Stan Wawrinka, Kevin Anderson, and other high-quality players in their early 30s have spent many years struggling how to find the special sauce of success at Masters 1000s. Zverev already owns three M-1000 trophies and made seven quarterfinals this year at that level of the ATP Tour.

Zverev’s challenge is to walk over the hot coals of pressure in the biggest matches at the biggest tournaments against the best players. He handled Cilic in match one, but Djokovic — as usual — set the much higher standard in match two. Much of what happened on Wednesday was the product of the World No. 1 remaining supremely steady in important moments, but at least some of the day’s decisive developments came from Zverev’s inability to pounce… and his subsequent failure to handle that disappointment. From this realization comes a fascinating detail about Sascha’s journey at these ATP Finals.

Anyone and everyone who watched the Djokovic match could pinpoint the moment this match turned. Zverev had multiple break points at 4-4 in the first set and could not convert them. His failure to break in that ninth game of the match flowed in part from an inability to attack vulnerable second serves. Yet, those kinds of moments happen for all tennis players. No one plays several years on tour without enduring those frustrations. We saw Djokovic deal with that frustration in his Bercy semifinal against Roger Federer, in which he went 0 for 12 on break points.

Djokovic, though, kept holding serve throughout the third set of that match, despite failing to gain a decisive lead. Most players would have allowed the accumulation of missed chances to get to them, creating a very familiar Federer escape.

Djokovic isn’t most players. He is a standard of success unto himself.

Sascha might have been Zvery close to winning the first set against Djokovic on Wednesday, but as the saying goes, “So close, and yet so far away.” The small margins in tennis look like the Grand Canyon when one sees the vast difference between two athletes’ responses to scoreboard pressure and high-stakes tournaments.

Ivan Lendl knows how poorly Zverev responded to that ninth-game failure to break Djokovic. That’s exactly the kind of situation Lendl himself failed to handle in the biggest moments against Jimmy Connors (especially at the U.S. Open and Wimbledon) before he finally turned the corner in 1984 and 1985. That’s the real-world experience Team Zverev is counting on Lendl to impart to Sascha, as this coaching relationship tries to take root and bear fruit in the coming offseason.

Zverev’s bright start on Wednesday, followed by his abrupt fall off a cliff in the second set, inverted his performance against Cilic two days earlier. In the Cilic match, Zverev started the match as a dead fish, with Cilic having a sitter forehand for 5-1 but somehow missing it. Zverev battled back, but even then, Cilic’s failure to challenge a call at 5-4 and deuce prevented the Croatian from getting a set point on Zverev’s serve. Cilic played a terrible service game at 5-3 to enable the set to continue.

Zverev wasn’t very good in that first set, but as soon as he stole it in a tiebreaker, he played and served a lot more freely in the second set. Wednesday’s match against Djokovic was exactly the opposite.

Zverev very plainly knew how to run with good fortune in a first set, and didn’t know how to confront adversity at the end of a first set two days later. In both matches, he played one set well and one set poorly. The results were different — the opponent was indeed the main variable — but the inconsistent performances were the same.

Establishing a higher ceiling is part of a young athlete’s task. Lendl beefing up the Zverev forehand and improving the German’s footwork is how that process will occur. Yet, in the pursuit of raising a ceiling, one cannot forget the equally important need for a young athlete to raise his floor as well.

Raising a ceiling is needed to beat the best players in terms of skill and raw athletic prowess. Raising a floor is much more in the province of the mental game, because the mental giants in any sport are able to win even when they are struggling. Mental strength shows up the most when the shots aren’t flowing and the opponent is resolute in offering resistance. Personal struggles against an opponent who demands persistence create a supreme test for an athlete.

Cilic doesn’t demand persistence — he will donate a key game late in a set against elite players. Djokovic always demands persistence. He gives virtually nothing away.

The first set against Djokovic might have been Zvery close on Wednesday, but it showed Sascha just how much growing, learning and internalizing he must do under Lendl’s watch to grow into the even more complete player he hopes to become.

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